The reform of the European Union’s (EU) Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is a once in ten-year event. The current reform process is the third such in the entire history of the CFP, created in 1983, and reviewed in 1992 and 2002. The European Commission initiated a public consultation in April 2009, which was launched with the publication of the European Commission’s Green Paper on CFP Reform. Although the public consultation closed on December 31 2009, the reform process will extend up to 2013.
The CFP reform process is complex, involving decision taking by various institutions at EU, Regional and National level, at different times. At the same time, several of the component policies of the CFP will be reformed in parallel (as is the case for the Common organization of the markets for fish products – that includes the role of PO). Some regulations, like the Control Regulation, are already being reformed. The reformed CFP will take effect on 1 January 2013.